Information about Saint John Basilica in SelcukOnline Ephesus Travel offers Ephesus Shuttle Services organizing transportation to Ephesus from Kusadasi and Izmir ports and back. The Basilica of the Apostle John is located on Aysolug Hill in Selcuk and is believed to be located on the burial place of the evangelist John, also close to Ephesus city and House of Virgin Mary .
The Basilica of Saint John, The Ancient City of Ephesus and the St. John Basilica Biblical PlacesThe Basilica of Saint John, Ephesus St, John Basilica Biblical Places
The Basilica of Saint John (St. John Basilica)It is believed that the evangelist St. John had spent his last years in the region around Ephesus and buried in the southern slope of Ayosolug Hill. Three hundred years after the death of Saint Paul, a small chapel was constructed over the grave in the 4th century. The church was changed into a marvelous basilica during the region of Emperor Justinian (527 -565 AD).
The monumental basilica was in the shape of a cross and was covered with six domes. Its construction, being of stone and brick, is an extremely rare find amongst the architecture of its time. Raised by two steps and covered with marble, the tomb of St John was under the central dome, that was once carried by the four columns at the corners. The columns in the courtyard reveals the monograms of Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. Constructed in the 5th century AD, the baptistery is north of the nave, with its key hole shape. Rampart walls around the church were constructed for protection from the Arabian attracts in the 7th - 8th centuries AD. The impressive 10th century AD frescoes representing St John, Jesus and a Saint, ornament the chapel. With the invasion of Turks, the chapel was used as a mosque in the 14th century; unfortunately Basilica of Saint John became unusable due to the serious earthquake in the same century.
The excavations around the Basilica of Saint John has been continuing under the supervision of Ekrem Akurgal since 1973, with the financial supports of George B. Quatman.
This church was built over the tomb of St. John.
The presently-visible church is cruciform and roofed with six massive domes, and was donated by the Emperor Justinian and his wife.
Theodora. The capitals facing the nave (central aisle) bear their monograms.
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